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General article on crowdsourcing and crowdfunding
Web References: Contained within article
Description of how social media is used for business performance:
Nearly a decade ago, Jeff Howe‘s groundbreaking article in Wired magazine – “The Rise of Crowdsourcing” – marked the beginning of the crowdsourcing movement. In a blog that accompanied his June 2006 article, he wrote: “Simply defined, crowdsourcing represents the act of a company or institution taking a function once performed by employees and outsourcing it to an undefined (and generally large) network of people in the form of an open call. This can take the form of peer-production (when the job is performed collaboratively), but is also often undertaken by sole individuals. The crucial prerequisite is the use of the open call format and the large network of potential laborers.” (source Wikipedia) (As an aside, Wikipedia is a fine example of crowdsourcing. Started in 2001, this self-proclaimed ‘free-content encyclopedia’ boasts more than 76,000 active contributors working on more than 31,000,000 articles in 285 languages.)
Jeff Howe talks about crowdsourcing: (if having trouble with imbedded video, please click Jeff Howe video)
Later that same year (2006), the TIME magazine cover and article featuring its person of the year picked up on the theme of crowdsourcing and featured the impact of the individual user in the information age.
Fast forward to 2015…
Companies around the world have learned the value of harnessing the internet community for product development and design with thousands of examples cited on Google (489,000 results) describing how companies and organizations have used crowdsourcing as part of their product development and innovation strategies.
Crowdfunding – a way to use social media to raise funds – was inspired by crowdsourcing and has also been on the scene for many years, growing in sophistication and application. Like crowdsourcing it is very much related to online communities and social networks. The crowd can already exist as a community but they can also suddenly form from disparate groups around the world who all happen to share an interest in funding a person, project, event, or a campaign. Platforms on the web exist to help develop campaigns. They include, among others:
- Kickstarter funds creative projects and is home to films, games, and music to art, design, and technology
- Indiegogo is open to almost any kind of project
- Crowdrise is a platform for donating to charitable causes
- Quirky is a rewards-based crowdfunding platform and online community most often used by product inventors and makers
- Tilt is a rewards-based crowdfunding platform
And small business uses crowdfunding to find investors who are interested in being involved in a start-up company, as described in this sound clip from CNN “Crowdfunding could change the face of small business”:
Lessons for others:
The reasons for crowdsourcing include but are not limited to: solving problems that cannot be solved internally, getting inspiration from the crowd, creating buzz for new products, using crowd contributions for market research, accelerating the product development process, reducing costs for creative work, and identifying potential talent for future hires.
Submitted by: Marilyn Hood
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